Ransomware is one of the most common types of cyberattacks. With how vastly the internet has become embedded in our day-to-day lives, cyberattacks such as ransomware can cause costly disruptions.

According to the Harvard Business Review, the amount of money paid to ransomware hackers increased by 300% from 2020 to 2021. This is after ransomware attacks rose 500% from 2019 to 2020. But by learning more about ransomware, you can help protect yourself from becoming a victim.

What is Ransomware?

Ransomware is a particular type of cyberattack used by hackers to extort a “ransom” from their victims. Malicious software is used to infect your computer and restrict access to your files and networks.

The cyberthief then demands a certain amount of money for you to regain access to your data. However, as you are dealing with cybercriminals, there are no guarantees that the hackers will restore access once you have paid the amount.

Over time, ransomware attacks have grown to become more complex and dangerous. Some examples of well-known ransomware attacks are as follows:


Last year, Cloudstar was the victim of a ransomware attack. The attack and subsequent blockage of Cloudstar’s system meant homebuyers waiting to close on their new home purchases were affected while third-party forensics experts attempted to recover their data.

City of Atlanta

In 2019, the city of Atlanta was the victim of a ransomware attack. The attack included infecting the city’s system with malware, grinding the city’s services to a halt. Atlanta officials ended up paying the $50,000 ransom demand and paid millions of dollars in their data recover efforts.

How Does Ransomware Work?

Hackers use malware in the form of an email, a clickable link, an online advertisement or a website to lure victims in. Once your computer has become infected with the malware, your data is encrypted, and you cannot gain access to it.

The severity of the attack depends on the kind of malware that has infected your computer. It can range from anywhere between a few files and folders, the computer itself becoming encrypted, to external drives and networked computers.

In most cases, the victim is unaware that their computer is infected unless they try to access the restricted files; or get a prompt demanding ransom.

 Where to Report Ransomware?

Ransomware is a serious crime with strict laws in place to punish perpetrators. If you are a victim of a ransomware attack, you must report the incident immediately to ensure timely action. You can report such incidents through:

Once you have contacted one of the departments mentioned above, the appropriate authorities can help you deal with your case, retrieve your data and attempt to apprehend the criminals.

Can I Protect Myself from Ransomware?

Ransomware can result in breaches of confidential information, loss of data, disruption of work and financial loss due to damages. A few simple tips can help you stay safe from such malicious software and cyberattacks.

These include:

  • Keeping all applications, software, and operating systems up to date
  • Downloading and browsing content only on trusted sites
  • Downloading anti-virus and anti-malware software, running regular scans and keeping them up to date
  • Not opening emails or clicking on links sent through dubious unknown accounts
  • Regularly creating and securing backups of all your data
  • Having a robust continuity and contingency plan for your business in case of such attacks

Ransomware is, unfortunately, a common type of cyberattack. Hackers use different methods to infect your computer with malicious software that can encrypt your data and restrict your access to it.

Although new cybersecurity tools and anti-malware software provide some security against such attacks, it is always better to be careful on the internet to help avoid becoming a victim of ransomware.